The sun has been revered & celebrated since ancient civilisations for its ability to give life & energy. Some cultures, including ancient Egyptians, Romans & Native Americans, even worshipped the sun as a deity. For as long as they have celebrated the sun, however, humans have also respected & protected themselves from it. While over the counter sunscreens are an invention of the twentieth century, sun protection is not.
There are two main types of skin cancer, melanoma & non-melanoma skin cancer. Non-melanoma skin cancers are the most common type of skin cancer. However, as they are not required to be reported to cancer registries the actual incidence & mortality statistics available are best estimates & not always up to date.